## Ch. 16 Exercises

Determine the entropy change, Δ S, if the particles are initially evenly distributed between the two boxes, but upon redistribution all end up in Box (b). 7. In Figure 16.8 all of the possible distributions and microstates are shown for four different particles shared between two boxes.

## Solved Part A Use the data from Appendix B in the textbook

Part A Use the data from Appendix B in the textbook to determine the normal boiling point of bromine (Br2) Express your answer using two significant figures. ΟΙ ΑΣφ ? Tbp = °C Submit Request Answer This problem has been solved! You’ll get a detailed solution from a subject matter expert that helps you learn core concepts. See Answer.

## 16.4 Free Energy

This new property is called the Gibbs free energy (G) (or simply the free energy ), and it is defined in terms of a system’s enthalpy and entropy as the following: G = H − T S Free energy is a state function, and at constant temperature and pressure, the free energy change (ΔG) may be expressed as the following: Δ G = Δ H − T Δ S.

## 7.E: Exercises on Entropy and Gibbs Energy

Chem 1202.

## 18.6: Gibbs Energy Change and Equilibrium

UCD Chem 2B: General Chemistry II UCD Chem 2B Text Unit V: Principles of Thermodynamics 18.6: Gibbs Energy Change and Equilibrium.

## ClausiusClapeyron Equation

The point at which the vapor pressure curve crosses the P = 1 atm line (dashed) is the normal boiling point of the liquid. (CC BY-SA-NC 3.0; Anonymous) A good approach is to find a mathematical model for the pressure increase as a function of temperature.

## How to calculate the standard Gibbs free energy of formation

1 The normal boiling point of liquid bromine is 58.2 ∘C 58.2 ∘ C. At 9.3 ∘C 9.3 ∘ C the equilibrium vapor pressure of liquid bromine is 100 torr 100 t o r r. From this data, calculate the standard state Gibbs energy of formation of bromine vapor at room temperature, ΔG∘f Δ G f ∘, 298 K 298 K.

## 13.4 Equilibrium Calculations

The accepted value for water’s normal boiling point is 373.2 K (100.0 °C), and so this calculation is in reasonable agreement. Note that the values for enthalpy and entropy changes data used were derived from standard data at 298 K . If desired, you could obtain more accurate results by using enthalpy and entropy changes determined at (or at.

## 17.3 Electrode and Cell Potentials

The positive value for the standard cell potential indicates the process is spontaneous under standard state conditions. Check Your Learning Use the data in Table 17.1 to predict the spontaneity of the oxidation of bromide ion by molecular iodine under standard state conditions, supporting the prediction by calculating the standard cell.

## The normal boiling point of bromine is 58.8 °C, and the

The normal boiling point of bromine is 58.8 °C, and the standard entropies of the liquid and vapor are S° [Br2 (l) = 152.2 J/ (K*mol); S° [Br2 (g) = 245.4 J/ (K*mol). At what temperature does bromine have a vapor pressure of 227 mmHg?