SOC 1001 (011) INQUIZITIVE Flashcards
Identify the actions that would reduce crime, according to differential opportunity theory. Effective Action: -tougher penalties for felonies -increased returns on legitimate work NOT Effective Action: -community policing -counseling and rehab for drug addicts Match each character type in Robert Merton’s strain theory of deviance to its definition.
SOCI 101 InQuisitive Ch. 6 Flashcards
Q-Chat Created by hanna_siekierski Terms in this set (39) Social deviance – modes of action that do not conform to the norms or values held by most members of the group or society – includes not only rude and illegal behavior, but also behavior that is nonconformist and makes other people uncomfortable Functions of the Youth Control Complex.
7.2 Explaining Deviance
Learning Objective State the major arguments and assumptions of the various sociological explanations of deviance. If we want to reduce violent crime and other serious deviance, we must first understand why it occurs.
6.2: Explaining Deviance
Differential opportunity theory, developed by Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin (1960), tried to explain why the poor choose one or the other of Merton’s adaptations. Whereas Merton stressed that the poor have differential access to legitimate means (working), Cloward and Ohlin stressed that they have differential access to illegitimate means.
7.6A: Differential Association Theory
Key Points. In criminology, differential association is a theory developed by Edwin Sutherland. Differential association theory proposes that through interaction with others, individuals learn the values, attitudes, techniques, and motives for criminal behavior. Differential association predicts that an individual will choose the criminal path.
Major Sociological Theoretical Approaches in Criminology 7
Cohen’s Lower-Class Reaction Theory Cloward and Ohlin’s Differential Opportunity Theory Social Process Theories The Chicago School Shaw and McKay’s Social Disorganization Theory Sutherland’s Theory of Differential Association Crime File 7.1 Designing Out Crime Miller’s Focal Concerns Theory Matza’s Delinquency and Drift Theory.
Situational Crime Prevention
Review the 25 techniques of situational crime prevention. These techniques have been constructed according to two important theoretical premises: that “opportunity makes the thief” (opportunity theory) and that the offender (or would-be offender) makes choices (rational choice theory) in order to make the best of those opportunities. The 10.
Situational Opportunity Theories of Crime
Every crime is an intersection of two factors in time and space: an offender’s motivation to commit a crime and the opportunity to carry out the desired act in a particular situation ( Felson & Clarke 1998 ). Traditional criminology focuses on the first factor, the motivation or propensity to offend.
Differential Opportunity Theory Blair
Differential opportunity theory was used to explain the emergence of three different delinquent subcultures: the criminal, the conflict, and the retreatist subcultures. Over the years since its inception, differential opportunity theory has received mixed empirical support. References Further Readings.
Opportunity Makes the Thief ASU Center for Problem
out. Routine activity theory and crime pattern theory are helpful in understanding the concentration of crime opportunities at particular places and times. 4. Crime opportunities depend on everyday movements of activity. Offenders and their targets shift according to the trips to work, school, and leisure settings. For.