Hijra (South Asia)
In North India, the goddess Bahuchara Mata is worshipped by pavaiyaa.  In South India, the goddess Renuka is believed to have the power to change one’s sex. Male devotees in female clothing are known as jogappa. They perform similar roles to hijra, such as dancing and singing at birth ceremonies and weddings.
The Third Gender and Hijras
In 2014, it was estimated that around 3 million third gender people live in India alone. While the third gender includes a few different groups in South Asia, the most common are the hijras. Hijras are often born male but look and dress in traditionally feminine ways.
Anke Truyers Hijras as a third gender
whose culture centers on the worship of Bahuchara Mata”, one of the many versions of the Mother Goddess in Hinduism worshiped throughout India (Nanda, 1999). Although they have often been the victims of violence and social isolation (Nanda, 1999; Kalra, 2012; Khan, 2016; Stachowiak, 2016 etc.) they have existed and survived for over.
The Peculiar Position of India’s Third Gender
The Peculiar Position of. India’s Third Gender. Hijras occupy a special place in Hinduism. But their relationship to modern Mumbai, where transgender people are legally recognized, remains.
Hijras are born male but look and dress as female — many will undergo castration and offer their male genitalia to the Hindu goddess Bahuchara Mata. Bahuchara Mata is a pivotal deity who enjoys the patronage of the transgender community in India.
Image by Carole Foote For centuries, trans, intersex and genderqueer individuals abandoned by their families have been initiated into the hijra community by gurus within the system. From the age of 12 or 13, hijras trade their relationships with their families for a relationship with a guru who takes on the role of of parent, teacher and boss.
Bahuchara Mata (Deity of Transgenders)
Bahuchara mata is a Hindu goddess of fertility with origins in Gujarat and worshipped largely by the transgender community, widely known as hijra in many parts of India. Her temple is located in Becharaji town in the district of Mehsana in Gujarat [ 2 ].
Transgender women are finding some respect in India, but a traditional
Transgender women are finding some respect in India, but a traditional gender-nonconforming group – hijras – remains stigmatized Published: March 31, 2022 8.44am EDT Liz Mount , Flagler College.
The hijras of India: cultural and individual dimensions of an
The hijra (eunuch/transvestite) is an institutionalized third gender role in India. Hijra are neither male nor female, but contain elements of both. As devotees of the Mother Goddess Bahuchara Mata, their sacred powers are contingent upon their sexuality. In reality, however, many hijras are prostit ….
The Third Gender and Their Identity in Indian Society
Abstract. In India, people with a wide range of transgender-related identities, cultures, or experiences coexist—including Hijras, Aravanis, Kothis and Jogtas/Jogappas. These people have been part of the broader culture and were treated with respect in the past. Modernity has changed the situation for them, although on some occasions they are.