William Penn. William Penn (24 October [ O.S. 14 October] 1644 – 10 August [ O.S. 30 July] 1718) was an English writer, religious thinker, and influential Quaker who founded the Province of Pennsylvania during the British colonial era. Penn was an advocate of democracy and religious freedom known for his amicable relations and successful.
History of the Quakers
History of the Quakers. The Religious Society of Friends began as a proto- evangelical Christian movement in England in the mid-17th century in Lancashire.   Members are informally known as Quakers, as they were said “to tremble in the way of the Lord”.
Brief Biography of William Penn
The freedom of religion in Pennsylvania (complete freedom of religion for everybody who believed in God) brought not only English, Welsh, German and Dutch Quakers to the colony, but also Huguenots (French Protestants), Mennonites, Amish, and Lutherans from Catholic German states.
Pennsylvania (Founding) In March of 1681, King Charles II of England (1630-85) granted William Penn (1644-1718), gentleman and Quaker, the charter for a proprietary colony on the North American continent. Although both English colonial policy and the organization of the Society of Friends, known as Quakers, were works in progress between the.
The Pennsylvania Colony: A Quaker Experiment in America
Penn’s goal with Pennsylvania was to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion. The Quakers were among the most radical of the English Protestant sects that had sprung up in the 17th century. Penn sought a colony in America—what he called a “holy experiment”—to protect himself and fellow Quakers from persecution.
Pennsylvania: An Act for Freedom of Conscience
As scholar and statesman Elisha Williams’ tract, The Essential Rights and Liberties of Protestants , makes clear, however, for many colonists, religious freedom was seen as a natural and inalienable right, one that they would increasingly associate with other political rights worth fighting for – with words when possible, and weapons when necess.
William Penn and American History
But Penn had the opportunity to act on his beliefs. In Pennsylvania, religious tolerance was the law. Penn welcomed settlers from all faiths to Pennsylvania. Each of the other American colonies had established an official church, but Penn did not. He sought out religious groups suffering in Europe, and invited them to his colony.
Religion and Culture in North America, 1600
By 1685, Pennsylvania’s population was almost 9,000. Within a hundred years, its main city, Philadelphia, had 30,000 inhabitants. New England was the third region to be settled. Religious dissenters actively sought to reform the Church of England.
Persecution, Division, and Opportunity: The Origins of the
One area of the New World that held a particular attraction for these groups was Pennsylvania, where William Penn, a Quaker, was encouraging other religious groups to immigrate and take part in his “holy experiment.” A few Mennonites had already come to Pennsylvania by the 1680s, mostly settling in Germantown.
PENNSYLVANIA: A STUDY IN RELIGIOUS DIVERSITY'
In pursuit of the present purpose to analyze this diversity and to explain the phenomenon, the following factors are presumed: First, the influence and effect of the ideals of William Penn, the Founder; Second, the entrance into the province, and later into the commonwealth, of large and influential groups of people of dif- ferent racial and nat.