by 1900 at least 40% of americans lived in urban areas with new york city and chicago having populations of over one million. this increased urbanization largely resulted in —
Gilded Age STAAR REVIEW | Quizizz
By 1900 at least 40% of Americans lived in urban areas with New York City and Chicago having populations of over one million. This increased urbanization largely resulted in — cities that were overcrowded congested and polluted
1800-1990 Changes In Urban/Rural U.S. Population
Only four percent of people born in 1900 made it to age 85 and 10-12 percent to age 65. Old age and the care of seniors was a rarity. This would change as medical advancements helped people to live longer and more productive lives. Cities and Their Appeal One of the things that changed where people lived was the convenience of cities.
Cities During the Progressive Era | Progressive Era to New …
By 1900 30 million people or 30 percent of the total population lived in cities. The mass migration of people into the cities enriched some people but caused severe problems for others. For the emerging middle class benefiting from growing incomes and increases in leisure time the expanding city offered many advantages.
America moves to the city (article) | Khan Academy
www.khanacademy.org › a › america-moves-to-the-cityAmerica moves to the city (article) | Khan Academy www.khanacademy.org › a › america-moves-to-the-city CachedOverviewFrom farm to cityThe Second Industrial Revolution and urbanizationCity lifeNew York City in the Gilded AgeWhat do you think?Want to join the conversation?The industrial boom of the late nineteenth century led Americans and immigrants from the world over to leave farming life and head to the city. See full list on khanacademy.org Today most Americans live in cities or suburbs but from colonial times into the early twentieth century a majority of Americans lived in the countryside and worked on farms. Only two percent of Americans live on farms or ranches today but in 1790 ninety percent of the population did. What caused this shift? The movement of populations from rural to urban areas is called urbanization. Urbanization in the United States increased gradually in the early 1800s and then accelerated in the years after the Civil War. By 1890 twenty-eight percent of Americans lived in urban areas and by 1920 more Americans lived in towns and cities than in rural areas.1^11start superscript 1 end superscript See full list on khanacademy.org The principal force driving America’s move into cities was the Second Industrial Revolution. In the United States the industrial revolution came in two waves. The first saw the rise of factories and mechanized production in the late 1700s and early 1800s and included steam-powered spinning and weaving machines the cotton gin steamboats locomotives and the telegraph. The Second Industrial Revolution took off following the Civil War with the introduction of interchangeable parts assembly-line production and new technologies including the telephone automobile electrification of homes and businesses and more. See full list on khanacademy.org Cities in the Gilded Age were studies in contrasts. The wealthy lived in urban mansions while the poor crowded into tenement houses apartment buildings with tiny rooms no ventilation and poor sanitation. Not until journalist and reformer Jacob Riis published his eye-opening photoessay How the Other Half Lives in 1890 did cities begin passing ordinances to make tenement housing safer.3^33cubed The Second Industrial Revolution also changed the physical composition of cities. The invention in the 1850s of the Otis elevator and Bessemer steelmaking process (an inexpensive process for the mass production of steel) created the material means for the rise of tall city buildings some so tall they were said to scrape the sky—skyscrapers. The advent of trolleys and subways also allowed city dwellers to move about with ease on public transportation encouraging developers to build new suburbs allowing people to live outside the city center and commute to work. See full list on khanacademy.org The diversity of the nation’s cities was nowhere more on display than in the nation’s largest city New York. At the turn of the twentieth century New York City was the national capital of finance industry shipping and trade publishing the arts and immigration a magnet that drew to it much of the best and most avant-garde in art and literature. With a population of more than three million in 1900 and 4.7 million by 1910 New York was more than twice as populous than Chicago the nations second-ranked city three times as large as third-ranked Philadelphia and six to nine times as large as St. Louis Boston Baltimore and Cleveland all urban centers of immigrants.4^44start superscript 4 end superscript By 1910 New York’s millionaires had built palatial mansions along much of Fifth Avenue while at the same time many New Yorkers lived in poverty. The Lower East Side was the most crowded neighborhood on earth housing tens of thousands in ill-lighted overcrowded tenements many without running water flush toilets or electricity. An 1893 observer in this section of the city wrote of the fermenting garbage in the gutter and the smell of stale beer and the sight of exhausted sweatshop workers toiling away sewing clothes for the garment industry.5^55start superscript 5 end superscript See full list on khanacademy.org What drew Americans and immigrants to move into the nation’s cities in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries? Do you think the city offered them a better life? What were some of the contrasts in life between the rich and the poor in cities such as New York at the turn of the twentieth century? Historians reach for words like “revolution” and “world-historical” in describing big historical changes. Would you consider the movement from farms to cities from colonial times to today to be revolutionary? Why or why not? Notes and attributions See full list on khanacademy.org Log in See full list on khanacademy.org
Urbanization – Our World in Data
Contents More than half of the world’s population now live in urban areas — increasingly in highly-dense cities. However urban settings are a relatively new phenomenon in human history. This transition has transformed the way we live work travel and build networks.
Tenements – HISTORY
By 1900 some 2.3 million people (a full two-thirds of New York City’s population) were living in tenement housing. … Seeking to draw attention to the horrible conditions in which many urban …
14.1 A Brief History of Urbanization – Social Problems
Contents Social Problems 14.1 A Brief History of Urbanization Learning Objectives Discuss the health problems that resulted when cities developed. Explain why urbanization grew in the United States during the nineteenth century. List the problems poor nations face as their cities grow even larger.