Wernicke's Area: Location, Function, Wernicke's Aphasia
Discovery Function Wernicke’s Aphasia Wernicke’s area is the region of the brain that is important for language development. It is located in the temporal lobe on the left side of the brain and it plays a part in speech comprehension. Language development or usage can be seriously impaired by damage to Wernicke’s area of the brain.
Wernicke area, region of the brain that contains motor neurons involved in the comprehension of speech. This area was first described in 1874 by German neurologist Carl Wernicke. The Wernicke area is located in the posterior third of the upper temporal convolution of the left hemisphere of the brain. Thus, it lies close to the auditory cortex.
Carl Wernicke, German neurologist who related nerve diseases to specific areas of the brain. He is best known for his descriptions of the aphasias, disorders interfering with the ability to communicate in speech or writing. Wernicke studied medicine at the University of Breslau and did graduate.
Wernicke's Area: Location and Function
September 18, 2023 Reviewed by Saul Mcleod, PhD Wernicke’s area is a structure of brain that is believed to be involved in language comprehension. In the majority of people, Wernicke’s area is located within the left cerebral hemisphere, specifically near the back of the temporal lobe.
Wernicke's Area in the Brain
Updated on August 27, 2018. The function of a part of the human brain known as Wernicke’s area is to enable us to comprehend written and spoken language. It is located posterior to the primary auditory complex in the left temporal lobe of the cerebral cortex, the part of the brain where information processing of all kinds takes place.
Many diagnosed with Wernicke’s aphasia have difficulty with repetition in words and sentences and/or working memory. Wernicke’s aphasia was named after German physician Carl Wernicke, who is credited with discovering the area of the brain responsible for language comprehension (Wernicke’s area).
Neuroanatomy, Wernicke Area
Wernicke area was first discovered in 1874 by a German neurologist, Carl Wernicke. It has been identified as 1 of 2 areas found in the cerebral cortex that manages speech. Wernicke area is located in Brodmann area 22, the posterior segment of the superior temporal gyrus in the dominant hemisphere. Since 95% of people have a left dominant.
1848-1905 German neuroanatomist, pathologist, and psychiatrist who made fundamental discoveries about brain function. Carl Wernicke was an influential member of the nineteenth-century German school of neuropsychiatry, which viewed all mental illnesses as resulting from defects in brain physiology.
Wernicke, Karl (1848
1885 Scientist Department of Psychiatry and Nervous Diseases Berlin Charité Hospital Berlin, Germany 1878 Landmark Clinical, Scientific, and Professional Contributions Wernicke is best known for his theory of aphasia, publishing a manuscript entitled “The Aphasia Symptom Complex” in 1874 when he was 26 years old.
4.4 Language in the Brain
In 1874, a German neurologist Carl Wernicke observed language comprehension issues that arose from damage to the left temporal lobe. The region is now known as Wernicke’s region (see Figure 4.3b). He also proposed the first neurological model of language.