Geophysical survey (archaeology)
Geophysical survey is used to create maps of subsurface archaeological features. Features are the non-portable part of the archaeological record, whether standing structures or traces of human activities left in the soil. Geophysical instruments can detect buried features when their physical properties contrast measurably with their surroundings.
The Use of Geophysical Survey in Archaeology
PDF Tools Share Abstract This essay aims to introduce readers to geophysical methods that are currently employed to help archaeologists study the past. Geophysical techniques exploit differences between the physical properties of buried remains and the natural soil to allow their detection and characterization without—or in advance of—digging.
Archaeologists conduct surveys to search for particular archaeological sites or kinds of sites, to detect patterns in the distribution of material culture over regions, to make generalizations or test hypotheses about past cultures, and to assess the risks that development projects will have adverse impacts on archaeological heritage.
Geophysical Survey Techniques
The main geophysical methods used for archaeological survey are briefly described in this section. All involve the systematic collection of measurements at closely spaced intervals across the area under investigation.
Geophysical Survey: Plotting Buried Traces of Human Activity
Geophysical survey is a broad term covering the suite of detection methods used to map contrasts between the physical properties of buried archaeological remains and the surrounding soil.
Six tools that are revolutionising archaeology by helping us
Advances in geophysics, soil chemistry and remote sensing are speeding up the discovery of ancient sites and helping archaeologists understand them on a global scale. Below is our list of the top.
How effective is geophysical survey? A regional review
Thus although geophysical surveyors have strong grounds to claim that their work benefits archaeology, those who pay for survey can reasonably ask that these benefits be clarified, quantified where possible, and compared with alternatives, such as aerial photography or surface artefact survey, so that they can make the best choices about its use.
New Perspectives on Geophysics for Archaeology: A Special
The hypothesis of the existence of a fault zone that caused co-seismic damage at an archaeological site is supported by the results from electrical resistivity tomography, seismic refraction tomography, ground penetrating radar, and magnetic surveys. A geophysical method with great potential in archaeology, but not yet in widespread use, is the.
An Introduction to Geophysical and Geochemical Methods in
1 Introduction Geophysical methods are an important component of geoarchaeological investigations due to their ability to non-invasively image the subsurface of an archaeological landscape .